The Social Security Administration recognizes Multiple Sclerosis as a chronic illness that, in some cases, may be severe enough to keep a person from working. An advanced form of MS, known as Malignant Multiple Sclerosis, is listed in the SSA’s fast track Compassionate Allowances program. Generally, MS is a condition that damages the myelin sheath, a layer of material that covers a person’s nerve fibers. Researchers still have not found the cause of MS, but many believe that the immune system is involved in attacking the myelin sheath.
Millions of people rely on the Social Security disability program to help make ends meet after having suffered a disabling mental or physical impairment. Workers pay into the Social Security system during their working lives through payroll tax deductions. The money is credited to trust funds, which are used to pay benefits to people who qualify for the programs associated with the trust funds (as a note, Supplemental Security Income benefits are financed through general tax revenues and not associated with the Social Security trust funds).